Malaria​

Facts

 A deadly disease that can infect travellers through a single mosquito bite. It causes fever, headache, chills, and muscle pain. People travelling to Africa, Asia and South America are at risk

Vector  

Bite from a female Anopheles mosquito infected with malaria parasites called Plasmodium
There are different types of Plasmodium parasites that can cause malaria: falciparum, Vivax, Ovale, Malariae and Knowlesi

 

214 million cases

Worldwide annually


Symptoms

Fever, headache, chills, vomiting
Symptoms usually appear between 7 to 18 days, but can also take up to a year to develop.


Severe case

Seizures, mental confusion, kidney failure, acute respiratory distress syndrome, coma, and death
The most important factors determining patient survival are early diagnosis and appropriate therapy

Awareness of the risk
 

Prevention

Involves several steps, known as the A, B, C, D of malaria prevention.

 Awareness of risk before travelling
 Bite prevention:
- Take the preventive measures when mosquitoes are most    active, particularly from sunset to sunrise
- Use a recommended insect repellent containing eitherIcardin (20%) or DEET
- Wear appropriate clothing (e.g.long sleeved shirt, long pants)
- Use physical barriers, such as bed nets and window screens
 Check whether chemoprophylaxis is needed (use appropriate malaria prevention tablets)
 Diagnosis (seek immediate medical attention is displaying symptoms)

Vaccine

There is currently no vaccine available in Canada available for the prevention of malaria
All travellers travelling to malaria-risk areas should take preventative malarial medications as a precautionary measure. The decision to take antimalarial medications depends on several factors such as the traveller’s itinerary, seasonality, mosquito exposure risk, etc. 

There are several different kinds of antimalarial medications. Book an appointment with us and our travel specialist can recommend the appropriate measures based on your individual itinerary, risk factors, and budget. 

Have a question? Contact us for free.
Subject:

Travel Vaccines

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