Our up to date expertise will help your travel worry free
Polio is a highly infectious, viral disease.
Although polio is asymptomatic in the majority of cases, in approximately 1% of cases, it attacks the central nervous system and leads to paralysis.
Canada was declared free of wild poliovirus in 1994 by the World Health Organization. There is still a risk to travellers going to regions outside those in which polio has been eliminated.
Transmitted from person-to-person, primarily through the fecal-oral route and less frequently through close personal contact with infected respiratory secretions or saliva.
Reported in 2 endemic countries in 2015
Symptoms: Fever, fatigue, headache, vomiting, stiffness of the neck, pain in the limbs
Severe case: Paralysis (in the legs, muscles used for breathing), death
● Precautions against polio, including good hygiene measures and vaccination, should be considered.
- Travellers should practice good hygiene measures, including frequent hand washing.
- Travellers with unimmunized infants/children should be advised to seriously consider delaying travel to endemic areas, ideally until full immunization have been obtained.