Travel Vaccines

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Malaria​

Facts

 in 2015, nearly half of the world’s population - 3.2 billion people - was at risk of Malaria

 

Vector  

Bite from a female Anopheles mosquito infected with malaria parasites called Plasmodium
There are different types of Plasmodium parasites that can cause malaria: falciparum,
vivax, ovale, malariae and knowlesi
 

214 million cases

Worldwide annually


Symptoms: Fever, headache, chills, vomiting
Symptoms usually appear between 7 to 18 days, but can also take up to a year to develop.


Severe case: Seizures, mental confusion, kidney failure, acute respiratory distress syndrome, coma, and death
The most important factors determining patient survival are early diagnosis and appropriate therapy

Awareness of the risk
 

Involves several steps, known as the A, B, C, D of malaria prevention.

 Awareness of risk before travelling
 Bite prevention:
- Take the preventive measures when mosquitoes are most    active, particularly from sunset to sunrise
- Use a recommended insect repellent containing eitherIcardin
(20%) or DEET
- Wear appropriate clothing (e.g.
long sleeved shirt, long pants)
- Use physical barriers, such as bed nets and window screens
 Check whether chemoprophylaxis is needed (use appropriate malaria prevention tablets)
 Diagnosis (seek immediate medical attention is displaying symptoms)

 

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